What Can the G-20 Do in Cannes?
On November 3-4, presidents and prime ministers from the world’s 20 major economies will gather in Cannes, France, for the sixth summit of the G-20. Ever since its first meeting at the height of the 2008 financial crisis, the G-20 has been the venue where political leaders decide what steps are needed to keep the global economy growing.
In the last couple of years, the G-20 summit process has been shifting gears from the initial focus on financial crisis response to ongoing economic stewardship—serving as a public health agency for the world economy, instead of an emergency room. Yet there are lingering doubts about whether it’s too early to shift out of crisis mode. The G-20 thus faces some of the classic issues of multilateral cooperation: near-term versus longer-term challenges, the difficulty of compelling action without a crisis, and overcoming policy differences, among others.
The group’s initial efforts represented a high-water mark of unity and shared purpose, and the collective package of stimulus spending by G-20 governments kept the global recession from turning into a depression. By mid-2010, though, the moment of consensus had clearly passed. Prior to the Toronto summit, President Obama sent his counterparts a letter recommending that stimulus be withdrawn slowly, but he was rebuffed by advocates of austerity (principally British Prime Minister David Cameron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel).
As we see from recent headlines, the most urgent danger to the world economy comes from a different set of countries than the G-20: the European Union (EU) nations that share a common currency (aka “the Eurozone”). The threat that Greece might default on its debt raises the specter of another financial contagion like 2008, with similar potential consequences. At a recent Stanley Foundation conference in Shanghai, participants debated the relevance of the Eurozone crisis to the G-20 as a multilateral forum. While most participants acknowledged that a solution must be worked out within the EU itself, some argued that the G-20 plays an important role in driving home the imperative that EU nations come through with a solution. We will see whether the looming G-20 summit intensifies such pressure for action.
Meanwhile, the G-20 has been wrestling with how to stabilize the global economy for the longer term. At the top of its agenda is an effort to achieve better balance in major economies that are either too reliant on selling exports to other countries (China, Germany) or on spending by their own consumers (the US). As a first step for economic rebalancing, the G-20 has been working with experts at the International Monetary Fund to set standard criteria that will trace the causes of imbalance—and therefore point toward the steps needed to rebalance. One of the most interesting debates on the effectiveness of the G-20 as a forum has focused on this process, known officially as the Mutual Assessment Process.
While global economic growth and financial stability represent the G-20’s core mandates, the group has gradually been broadening its agenda, particularly at the initiative of the government leaders who have served as summit hosts. At the summit a year ago in South Korea, that meant the adoption of the “Seoul Development Consensus for Shared Growth,” drawn up by the G-20’s Development Working Group to extend a hand to countries that are not yet major economies. Looking toward Cannes, development ministers from the G-20 countries met recently and reported that the summit will highlight proposals for infrastructure development. This year France as the G-20 summit host has emphasized food security, mindful especially of the impact of commodity price spikes on the people with the lowest income.
As this agenda extends to a wider array of issues, calls are growing louder for G-20 leaders to keep focus and guard against becoming distracted. But this critique oversimplifies matters because not all issues are equal in terms of the demands they place on the world leaders. The Anti-Corruption Working Group, for example, shows how a G-20 initiative can generate significant activity and progress with a modest investment of high-level attention. As experts discussed at another recent Stanley Foundation conference, this points toward a new kind of cost-benefit analysis for items being considered for the G-20 agenda.
The latest issue of Courier features "Climate Change – After Paris, What Next?" a look at the COP21 Paris agreement and what it means for the future of our planet’s environment. The second article is about the science and numbers of climate risk, and the need to reduce emissions and by how much. This issue also highlights a trip to South America taken by the teacher who most recently won the Catherine Miller Explorer Award, and finally we highlight a new tool for leaders and policymakers for implementing the third pillar of the Responsibility to Protect. The full Winter 2015 issue. PDF (2.0 MB) Subscribe for FREE.
Policy Program Officer, Nuclear Security: The Stanley Foundation seeks a program officer to plan, implement, and assess the impact of the foundation’s nuclear security policy programming.
Policy Program Associate, Nuclear Security: The Stanley Foundation seeks a program associate to join its Policy Programming Department.
|PARIS & BEYOND: COP21
Launching Global Climate Actions
The world recently looked to Paris for the most important global climate change negotiations for achieving a safer climate world: the 21st meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). As a helpful reference we have compiled this summary of the major work of the Stanley Foundation and its collaborators in an active global role during the past year preparing for this historic event…and the important continuing work ahead. More.
Our bimonthly newsletter is filled with resources to keep you up to date with our work at the Stanley Foundation. Each edition includes news about recent publications and stories as well as features our people and partners.
You will also find many extras, from upcoming events to multimedia resources. Sign up for the latest to stay engaged on key global issues.
|Stanley Foundation Annual Conferences
The Stanley Foundation holds two annual conferences, UN Issues and the Strategy for Peace Conference. These bring together experts from the public and private sectors to meet in a distraction-free setting and candidly exchange ideas on pressing foreign policy challenges.
Divided into roundtable talks, the cutting-edge discussions are intended to inspire group consensus and shared recommendations to push forward the debate on the foundation’s key policy areas.
The Stanley Foundation publishes policy briefs, analytical articles, and reports on a number of international issues. To reduce our carbon footprint and cut waste, we almost exclusively, use electronic distribution for our publications. Sign up to receive our resources via e-mail.
|Nuclear Security Video
The Stanley Foundation produced a 13-minute video looking at what needs to be done to stop terrorist groups from acquiring enough fissile material to make a bomb. The foundation talked with over a dozen diverse and distinguished experts from the Nuclear Security Governance Experts Group and the Fissile Materials Working Group to see how today's patchwork of voluntary arrangements can be forged into a long-lasting system. Watch the video.
|Watch and Learn
Stanley Foundation events, talks, video reports, and segments from our Now Showing event-in-a-box series can now be viewed on YouTube. To receive regular updates on our video posts, please subscribe today.