January 18, 2012
9:30 – 9:45 a.m. Welcome — Richard H. Stanley, Chair, The Stanley Foundation
Honoring the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty
- Gareth Evans, Co-Chair
- Mohamed Sahnoun, Co-Chair
- Michael Ignatieff
- Cornelio Sommaruga
- Eduardo Stein
- Ramesh Thakur
9:45 – 11:15 a.m. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) — From ICISS to Today — Watch the video
This panel will reflect on the historical foundations of R2P; its articulation by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS); its political adoption at the World Summit in 2005; and the normative, political, and operational dynamics that have formed the concept as it exists today.
- Lloyd Axworthy, President and Vice-Chancellor, University of Winnipeg, Canada
- Francis Deng, Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide, United Nations
- Gareth John Evans, Co-Chair, International Advisory Board, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, Australia
- Eduardo Stein, Former Vice President and Foreign Minister of the Republic of Guatemala
11:30 a.m. – 12:45 p.m. Two Concurrent Panels
Each of the following panels will consider the spectrum of global policy responses to R2P-related threats and crises since 2005. Speakers will reflect on international efforts to engage across the crisis continuum and evaluate an array of policy approaches, ranging from international assistance and stabilization to crisis diplomacy and coercive action. While not limited to listed cases, each panel will draw lessons from a cluster of crises chosen to reflect the range of challenges and opportunities faced in developing direct R2P policies. Comparisons between and beyond these cases are encouraged.
R2P in Practice — Policy Approaches Since 2005
Guinea, South Sudan/Darfur, Somalia, and Syria — Watch the video
- Bruno Stagno Ugarte, Executive Director, Security Council Report
- Adekeye Adebajo, Executive Director, Centre for Conflict Resolution, The University of Cape Town, South Africa
- Jean-Marie Guéhenno, Arnold Saltzman Professor of Professional Practice in International and Public Affairs, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University
- Ivan Šimonović, Assistant Secretary-General, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, United Nations
Panel 2: R2P in Practice — Policy Approaches Since 2005
Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, and Libya — Watch the video
- Lynn Pascoe, Under-Secretary-General, Department of Political Affairs, United Nations
- Abdel-Elah Al-Khatib, Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for Libya, Jordan
- Liberata Mulamula, Former Executive Secretary, Former Executive Secretariat of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region, Burundi
- Knut Vollebaek, High Commissioner on National Minorities, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, The Netherlands
- Jennifer Welsh, Co-Director, Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law, and Armed Conflict, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Vartan Gregorian, President of Carnegie Corporation of New York, will introduce Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. The Secretary-General will reflect on the state and future of R2P, outlining key priorities for its development over the course of his second term.
2:45 – 4:15 p.m. Two Concurrent Panels
R2P as a Tool — Identifying Past and Potential Added Value — Watch the video
This panel will examine how R2P has been applied across different cases — whether as a rallying cry, a policy framework, or a tool for diplomatic engagement — and to what degree these uses have been effective. It will seek to identify R2P’s added value, considering both limitations and hidden potential as the concept evolves in the coming decade.
- Louise Arbour, President and Chief Executive Officer, International Crisis Group, Belgium
- Alex Bellamy, Professor of International Security, Centre for Governance and Public Policy, Australia
- Edward C. Luck, Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on the Responsibility to Protect, United Nations
- Ramesh Thakur, Professor of International Relations, Asia-Pacific College of Diplomacy, Australian National University, Australia
- Margot Wallström, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, United Nations
Bringing Responsibility Home — Domestic Implementation of R2P — Watch the video
This panel will consider what exercising R2P means for the internal and foreign policy of individual states. Panelists will speak to the experience of an expanding global network of officials working at the domestic level to integrate R2P within national policy. Discussion will evaluate needs, opportunities, and challenges as these officials face their mandate in the coming decade.
- María del Rosario Green Macías, President, Foreign Affairs Committee, Senate of the Republic of Mexico
- Simon Adams, Executive Director, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
- Noel M. Morada, Executive Director, Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, Australia
- Mahama A. Nuhu, Deputy Director, Ministry of Interior, Ghana
- Saul Weisleder, Deputy Permanent Representative and National R2P Focal Point, Permanent Mission of Costa Rica to the United Nations
4:30 – 6 p.m. R2P in 2022 — Watch the video
This panel will project a vision of how R2P can and should develop over the coming decade. It will consider what challenges and prospects the concept will face and what world leaders, experts, and advocates must consider as global events unfold. Speakers will be invited to imagine what “success” for R2P might look like over the course of the next ten years, and to consider how the world’s approach to recent crises might look different were those same crises to be faced in 2022.
- Michelle Bachelet, Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director, UN Women
- Fatou Bensouda, Deputy Prosecutor and Prosecutor-Elect, International Criminal Court, The Netherlands
- Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations
- Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, Permanent Representative of Brazil to the United Nations
6 – 6:15 p.m. Closing
Closing comments by MacArthur Foundation Senior Vice President Barry Lowenkron. Reception to follow.
6:30 – 8 p.m. Reception
Photo. A sprawl of tents at Zam Zam
Internally Displaced Persons (IDP)
Camp, in El Fasher, North Darfur,
where tens of thousands have
sought protection there following
fresh clashes between the
Government of Sudan and rebel
forces. March 2011, Sudan.
UN Photo/Olivier Chassot