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Powers and Principles: International Leadership in a Shrinking World


The aim of the Stanley Foundation’s project on Powers and Principles: International Leadership in a Shrinking World is to identify plausible actions and trends for the next ten years by which the international community could become more unified. The foundation asked contributing authors to describe the paths by which nine powerful nations, a regional union of 27 states, and a multinational corporation could all emerge as constructive stakeholders in a strengthened rules-based international order. For each case, the writers discuss how their given country might deal with the internal and external challenges posed by international norms for the global economy, domestic governance and society, and global and regional security.

Project participants are listed below, with their subject focus, in the order in which their essays will be published. To provide a perspective from inside, and a counterweight, a commentator from the country (or other actor) has been enlisted to give a reaction to the coauthors’ essay. Author affiliations are for identification only, and views expressed in the essays and comments are personal and not on behalf of the institutions for which they work. 

To order the book, visit the publisher's website.


A Stake in the System: Redefining American Leadership
Suzanne Nossel, Affiliated Scholar, Center for American Progress
David Shorr, Program Officer, Stanley Foundation
Commentator: Nikolas Gvosdev, Faculty Member, Naval War College

A Rising China's Rising Responsibilities
Bates Gill, Director, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
Michael Schiffer, Program Officer, Stanley Foundation
Commentator: Wu Xinbo, Deputy Director, Center for American Studies, Fudan University

India: The Ultimate Test of Free-Market Democracy
Barbara Crossette
, Former Foreign Correspondent, The New York Times
George Perkovich, Vice President for Studies, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Commentator: C. Raja Mohan, Professor of South Asian Studies, Nanyang Technical University, Singapore

Rue de la Loi: The Global Ambition of the European Project
Ronald D. Asmus, Executive Director, Transatlantic Center, The German Marshall Fund of the United States
Tod Lindberg, Editor, Policy Review, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
Commentator: Robert Cooper, Director-General for External and Politico-Military Affairs of the European Union

Brazil's Candidacy for Major Power Status
Miguel Diaz, Former Director, South America Project, Center for Strategic and International Studies
Paulo Roberto de Almeida, Professor of Political Economy, Centro Universitário de Brasília
Commentator: Georges D. Landau, Senior Counselor, Brazilian Center for International Relations (CEBRI), Rio de Janeiro

Russia's Place in an Unsettled Order— Calculations in the Kremlin
Andrew C. Kuchins, Director, Russia and Eurasia Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies  
Richard Weitz, Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute
Commentator: Dmitri Trenin, Deputy Director, Carnegie Moscow Center

South Africa: From Beacon of Hope to Rogue Democracy?
Pauline Baker, President, The Fund for Peace
Princeton Lyman, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Commentator: Khehla Shubane, Director, RMB Holdings

Laggards on Responsibility: The Oil Majors
Susan Aaronson, Associate Research Professor, Elliot School, The George Washington University
David Deese, Associate Professor, Boston College
Commentator: Edward Chow, Senior Fellow, Energy and National Security Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies

Refashioning Iran's International Role
Suzanne Maloney, Senior Fellow, Saban Center for Middle East Policy, The Brookings Institution
Ray Takeyh, Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Commentator: Omid Memarian, Inter Press Service

Turkey's Identity and Strategy- A Game of Three-Dimensional Chess
Zeyno Baran, Director, Center for Eurasian Policy, Hudson Institute
Ian Lesser, Senior Transatlantic Fellow, The German Marshall Fund of the United States
Commentator: Huseyin Bagci, Professor of International Relations, Middle East Technical University

Japan: Leading or Losing the Way Toward Responsible Stakeholdership?
Steve Clemons, Director, American Strategy Program, New America Foundation
Weston Konishi, Hitachi International Affairs Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Commentator: Masaru Tamamoto, Senior Fellow, World Policy Institute
(View a C-Span discussion featuring Clemons, Konishi, and David Shorr.)

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As a part of our efforts to limit global warming to 1.5°C, the foundation put forward policy ideas to achieve a global turning point in emissions by 2020, built upon efforts to catalyze global climate action by countries and sub- and non-state actors, and worked with journalists to strengthen coverage of the UN climate negotiations.