The Stanley Foundation
Menu
Close
Seeking a secure peace with freedom and justice, built on global citizenship and effective global governance.
Search 
International Nuclear Security Peer Reviews:
Making the IAEA IPPAS General and Sustainable

Anita Nilsson, John Bernhard, and Caroline Jorant
December 2016

As countries enhance their commitments to strengthening nuclear security, measuring their implementation of those commitments grows in importance. A peer review system, as offered by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) through its International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS), can increase accountability on nuclear security implementation and build confidence that states are meeting their commitments. However, meeting the full potential of the IPPAS will require reforming and strengthening the service.

This report reviews the IPPAS process and outlines the necessary elements to make the service more generalizable and sustainable. It also provides recommendations that, if implemented, would strengthen the service.

The authors suggest that countries complete an IPPAS review cycle every four to six years. To sustain this level of activity, the authors recommend increasing the capacity of the IAEA for IPPAS missions, creating a certification process for experts serving on IPPAS teams, and expanding information sharing about IPPAS results. Additional recommendations include identifying incentives for operators to make nuclear security more effective and learning from the aviation industry and how it improves safety through peer reviews performed by the International Civil Aviation Organization.

The authors conclude that to make generalization of the IPPAS possible, all stakeholders—The IAEA, states, industry, and nongovernmental organizations—should contribute to and support the strengthening of the service and its required infrastructure.

About the Authors
Anita Nilsson is president, AN & Associates, and a senior associate at the Partnership for Global Security. Dr. Nilsson is the former director of the IAEA’s Office of Nuclear Security and held several positions within the Swedish government and nuclear industry.

John Bernhard is a senior associate at the Partnership for Global Security and former Danish Ambassador to the IAEA. Ambassador Bernhard has served in various positions within the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, including in ambassadorial posts in Venezuela, Spain, the Netherlands, and Austria.

Caroline Jorant is president, SDRI Consulting and a senior associate at the Partnership for Global Security. Ms. Jorant is the former director of Non-Proliferation and International Institutions at AREVA and held various positions within the French government and nuclear industry.

About NSGEG
The Nuclear Security Governance Experts Group is a multi-sector coalition of experts from 11 countries working to make today's nuclear security regime more cohesive, responsive, and robust by 2020. The NSGEG is a joint project of the Stanley Foundation, the Partnership on Global Security, and the Asan Institute for Policy Studies.
Share: Email Facebook Twitter
HIGHLIGHTS
2017 International Women Authors Event 2017 International Women Authors Event
Pulitzer Prize finalist Laila Lalami, author of “The Moor’s Account,” will be the featured speaker at the 2017 International Women Authors event on November 9 in Rock Island, Illinois.

Courier Courier
As summer winds down, take a look at the new issue of Courier from the Stanley Foundation. The Summer 2017 issue delves into topics including the transition away from coal in Germany, the increased role of cities in global governance, and the crisis in Venezuela. Also in this issue, read about the increased capabilities of 3D printing, and oversight over emerging technologies. Summer 2017 PDF (1,151K) Subscribe for FREE.

Stanley Foundation Annual Conferences Stanley Foundation Annual Conferences
The Stanley Foundation holds two annual conferences, UN Issues and the Strategy for Peace Conference. These bring together experts from the public and private sectors to meet in a distraction-free setting and candidly exchange ideas on pressing foreign policy challenges.

Divided into roundtable talks, the cutting-edge discussions are intended to inspire group consensus and shared recommendations to push forward the debate on the foundation’s key policy areas.


A Climate for Conflict: Stories from Somalia A Climate for Conflict: Stories from Somalia
The Ground Truth Project, New America, and the Stanley Foundation are hosting a Screening of “A Climate for Conflict” and discussion with the creators followed by a panel discussion on Climate Security and Societal Resilience on May 30, 2017.

Somalia today is at a crossroads between a deepening crisis and a path to stability. Photographer and filmmaker Nichole Sobecki and writer Laura Heaton spent 18 months documenting personal stories of Somalia, creating a film, photography, and reporting that vividly illustrate the human consequences and security risks of a changing climate. Read more.

Follow the conversation online with #AClimateforConflict.


Stanley Foundation at 60
On December 12, 1956, the Stanley Foundation was certified as a nonprofit corporation in the state of Iowa, bringing to life an organization dedicated to creating a world in which there is a secure peace with freedom and justice. Sixty years later, the organization continues to pursue and advance that vision as a thriving nonpartisan operating foundation. Moreover, it remains an organization with a professional staff and the involvement of family members who have an ongoing role in shaping its strategy and core values. More.

Receive Materials Receive Materials
The Stanley Foundation publishes policy briefs, analytical articles, and reports on a number of international issues. To reduce our carbon footprint and cut waste, we almost exclusively, use electronic distribution for our publications. Sign up to receive our resources via e-mail.

the latest the latest
Our bimonthly newsletter is filled with resources to keep you up to date with our work at the Stanley Foundation. Each edition includes news about recent publications and stories as well as features our people and partners.

You will also find many extras, from upcoming events to multimedia resources. Sign up for the latest to stay engaged on key global issues.


Watch and Learn Watch and Learn
Stanley Foundation events, talks, video reports, and segments from our Now Showing event-in-a-box series can now be viewed on YouTube. To receive regular updates on our video posts, please subscribe today.