The Stanley Foundation
Seeking a secure peace with freedom and justice, built on global citizenship and effective global governance.
What Did We Learn From KEDO?

Policy Dialogue Brief
May 2007

Today, more than 15 years since the nuclear crisis of 1992-1994, North Korea remains a pressing threat to the nuclear nonproliferation regime and to international peace and security. The six-party talk negotiations are being conducted in a multilateral setting, and any solution is thus likely to be multilateral—and, as evidenced by the September 2005 and February 2006 agreements—also involve a basic framework very similar to the 1994 US-North Korea Agreed Framework, including the phased dismantlement of nuclear weapons programs in return for political, security, and economic benefits, potentially also including the provision of light-water reactors (LWR).

Analysis of the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO), the organization established to oversee construction of the LWR under the 1994 agreement, is normally lumped together with evaluations of the Agreed Framework. Yet KEDO’s experience and the value of the lessons coming from day-to-day operations at its headquarters in New York and its construction site in North Korea, as well as from the thousands of hours spent both in negotiations and working closely with Pyongyang, go far beyond the boundaries of the Agreed Framework. In November 2007 the Stanley Foundation, in collaboration with the Weatherhead East Asian Institute at Columbia University, convened a two-day conference entitled “What Did We Learn From KEDO?” The meeting brought together a distinguished group of experts and policy practitioners who had firsthand experience with KEDO to explore possible lessons learned from KEDO’s ten years of operation.

The KEDO experience offers important lessons-learned for multilateral institution-building. Future multilateral nonproliferation efforts, in East Asia or elsewhere, can learn from KEDO’s experience or run the risk that the same gauntlet of organizational, budgetary, and policy challenges that resulted in KEDOs demise could likewise end in the collapse of other important multilateral agreements. The implications of the KEDO experience can serve as a foundation to study multilateral institution-building both regionally in East Asia and, indeed, globally.
Share: Email Facebook Twitter
2017 International Women Authors Event 2017 International Women Authors Event
Pulitzer Prize finalist Laila Lalami, author of “The Moor’s Account,” will be the featured speaker at the 2017 International Women Authors event on November 9 in Rock Island, Illinois.

Courier Courier
As summer winds down, take a look at the new issue of Courier from the Stanley Foundation. The Summer 2017 issue delves into topics including the transition away from coal in Germany, the increased role of cities in global governance, and the crisis in Venezuela. Also in this issue, read about the increased capabilities of 3D printing, and oversight over emerging technologies. Summer 2017 PDF (1,151K) Subscribe for FREE.

Stanley Foundation Annual Conferences Stanley Foundation Annual Conferences
The Stanley Foundation holds two annual conferences, UN Issues and the Strategy for Peace Conference. These bring together experts from the public and private sectors to meet in a distraction-free setting and candidly exchange ideas on pressing foreign policy challenges.

Divided into roundtable talks, the cutting-edge discussions are intended to inspire group consensus and shared recommendations to push forward the debate on the foundation’s key policy areas.

A Climate for Conflict: Stories from Somalia A Climate for Conflict: Stories from Somalia
The Ground Truth Project, New America, and the Stanley Foundation are hosting a Screening of “A Climate for Conflict” and discussion with the creators followed by a panel discussion on Climate Security and Societal Resilience on May 30, 2017.

Somalia today is at a crossroads between a deepening crisis and a path to stability. Photographer and filmmaker Nichole Sobecki and writer Laura Heaton spent 18 months documenting personal stories of Somalia, creating a film, photography, and reporting that vividly illustrate the human consequences and security risks of a changing climate. Read more.

Follow the conversation online with #AClimateforConflict.

Stanley Foundation at 60
On December 12, 1956, the Stanley Foundation was certified as a nonprofit corporation in the state of Iowa, bringing to life an organization dedicated to creating a world in which there is a secure peace with freedom and justice. Sixty years later, the organization continues to pursue and advance that vision as a thriving nonpartisan operating foundation. Moreover, it remains an organization with a professional staff and the involvement of family members who have an ongoing role in shaping its strategy and core values. More.

Receive Materials Receive Materials
The Stanley Foundation publishes policy briefs, analytical articles, and reports on a number of international issues. To reduce our carbon footprint and cut waste, we almost exclusively, use electronic distribution for our publications. Sign up to receive our resources via e-mail.

the latest the latest
Our bimonthly newsletter is filled with resources to keep you up to date with our work at the Stanley Foundation. Each edition includes news about recent publications and stories as well as features our people and partners.

You will also find many extras, from upcoming events to multimedia resources. Sign up for the latest to stay engaged on key global issues.

Watch and Learn Watch and Learn
Stanley Foundation events, talks, video reports, and segments from our Now Showing event-in-a-box series can now be viewed on YouTube. To receive regular updates on our video posts, please subscribe today.